US expert in stellar spectroscopy who specialized in the detection of binary stars. She also formulated a classification system to categorize the appearance of spectral lines.
Maury was born in Cold Spring-on-Hudson, New York, and educated at
Vassar. She became an assistant at the Harvard College Observatory,
under the direction of Edward Pickering, even before she graduated in
1887. Later she lectured in astronomy in various US cities, and taught
privately. In 1908 she returned to Harvard to study the complex spectrum
of Beta Lyrae.
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