English astrophysicist whose theories on the structure and dynamics
of galaxies predicate black holes at the centre.
Lynden-Bell was born in Dover, Kent, and studied at Cambridge.
After two years at the California Institute of Technology and Hale Observatories,
he returned to Cambridge, where in 1972 he became professor and director
of the Institute of Astronomy.
In 1969 Lynden-Bell proposed that quasars were powered by massive black
holes. Later, continuing this line of thought, he postulated the existence
of black holes of various masses in the nuclei of individual galaxies.
The presence of these black holes would account for the large amounts
of infrared energy that emanate from a galactic centre. Lynden-Bell
further argued that in the dynamic evolution of star clusters, the core
of globular star clusters evolves independently of outer parts, and
that only a dissipative collapse of gas would account for that evolution.