Dutch-born US astronomer who made extensive studies of the Solar System.
His discoveries included the atmosphere of the planet Mars and that
of Titan, the largest moon of the planet Saturn.
Kuiper was born in Harenkarspel and educated at Leiden, emigrating
to the USA 1933. He joined the staff of the Yerkes Observatory (affiliated
to the University of Chicago) and was its director 1947-49 and 1957-60.
From 1960 he held a similar position at the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory
at the University of Arizona.
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