|Edward Emerson Barnard
- US observational
astronomer who discovered the fifth satellite of Jupiter 1892 and
Barnard's star 1916. He was the first to realize that the apparent
voids in the Milky Way are in fact dark nebulae of dust and gas.
Barnard was born in Nashville, Tennessee, and from the age of nine
worked as an assistant in a photographic studio. A fascination with
astronomy led him to take a job in the observatory at Vanderbilt University,
where he spent most of his time using the telescopes. He went to California
to work at the Lick Observatory when it opened 1888. In 1895 he took
up the chair of practical astronomy at the University of Chicago and
became astronomer at the Yerkes Observatory, Wisconsin. He participated
in an expedition to Sumatra, Indonesia, to observe the solar eclipse
Barnard discovered his first comet 1881 and by 1892 he had found 16.
He also investigated the surface features of Jupiter.